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Archive for the ‘Installation’ Category

Can’t locate DateTime perl module

July 22nd, 2017 No comments

If you are getting below error while installing any application on linux then perl date time module is missing.

Can’t locate DateTime.
[email protected](@INC contains: /usr/local/lib/perl5 /usr/local/share/perl5 /usr/lib/perl5/vendor_perl /usr/share/perl5/vendor_perl /usr/lib/perl5 /usr/share/perl5 .) at gatherbot_en.pl line 13.
BEGIN failed–compilation aborted at gatherbot_en.pl line 13.

You can use below command to install Datetime on server.

yum install perl-DateTime-TimeZone

After that if you are getting below error.

Can’t locate Date/Parse.pm in @INC

Then please run below command. It will ask to install some modules then keep on typing yes or hit enter.

cpan install Date::Parse

 

Categories: CPanel / WHM, Installation Tags:

How to replace MySQL with MariaDB in cpanel

September 30th, 2014 No comments

Backup existing MySQL data

Make sure to save all existing data just in case there are any issues.

cp -Rf /var/lib/mysql /var/lib/mysql-old
mv /etc/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf-old

Disable the targets so cPanel no longer handles MySQL updates

The following will mark the versions of MySQL we distribute as uninstalled so they are no longer maintained by cPanel/WHM

/scripts/update_local_rpm_versions –edit target_settings.MySQL50 uninstalled
/scripts/update_local_rpm_versions –edit target_settings.MySQL51 uninstalled
/scripts/update_local_rpm_versions –edit target_settings.MySQL55 uninstalled

Remove existing MySQL RPM’s so theres a clean slate for MariaDB

The below command will uninstall the MySQL RPM’s!

/scripts/check_cpanel_rpms –fix –targets=MySQL50,MySQL51,MySQL55

Create a yum repository for MariaDB

vi /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

place the following inside of it depending on the DISTRO (https://downloads.mariadb.org/mariadb/repositories/):

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/5.5.29/centos6-amd64/
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

Remove php from the /etc/yum.conf file then run the following commands

yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client MariaDB-devel
/etc/init.d/mysql start
mysql_upgrade
/etc/init.d/mysql restart

Add php back to the /etc/yum.conf file to ensure future php updates don’t get clobbered

Rebuild easyapache/php to ensure modules are intact/working

/scripts/easyapache –build

 

CVE-2014-7169 BASH Shell Shock Vulnerability for Linux

September 29th, 2014 No comments

What is CVE-2014-7169 / Shell Shock Vulnerability?

GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings after certain malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution.
NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-6271.
In short Shell Shock vulnerability allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code given certain conditions, by passing strings of code following environment variable assignments.
The Shell Shock vulnerability is considered bigger than Heartbleed as it’s affecting all versions of bash and it’s still unclear from when and adding to that linux bash is not only running on linux webservers but other embedded devices as well such as Mac Laptops

Test your server bash version using below command

bash –version
or
/bin/bash –version

Output

GNU bash, version 3.2.25(1)-release (x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu)
Copyright (C) 2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

Check if your server is affected

[email protected][#] env x='() { :;}; echo vulnerable’ bash -c “echo this is a test”
bash: warning: x: ignoring function definition attempt
bash: error importing function definition for`x’
this is a test

If you get the above output then you are safe. But,  if you get the below output then you are affected.

[email protected][#] env x='() { :;}; echo vulnerable’ bash -c “echo this is a test”
vulnerable
this is a test

To fix it follow below steps:

For RedHat/CentOS/Fedora/RPM based OS:

Note:: This is a temporary fix released by Red Hat Security Team. The team is still working on a full fix which is expected to release soon.

[email protected][#] yum upgrade bash

For Ubuntu / Debian

apt-get update && sudo apt-get install –only-upgrade bash

 

 

Categories: Installation, Security Tags:

How to install kloxo panel in centos

June 16th, 2014 No comments

How to install kloxo panel in centos

Go to below path.

cd /usr/local/src

Use the wget Command to download latest version of Kloxo Auto Installer Script

wget http://download.lxcenter.org/download/kloxo/production/kloxo-installer.sh

Give proper permission.

chmod 777 kloxo-installer.sh

Install Kloxo control panel as Master.

./kloxo-installer.sh –type=master

Next follow the instructions. Once done you will get below message.

Congratulations. Kloxo has been installed succesfully on your server as master

You can connect to the server at:
https:/IP/:7777 – secure ssl connection, or
http:/IP/:7778 – normal one.

The login and password are ‘admin’ ‘admin’. After Logging in, you will have to
change your password to something more secure

We hope you will find managing your hosting with Kloxo
refreshingly pleasurable, and also we wish you all the success
on your hosting venture

Thanks for choosing Kloxo to manage your hosting, and allowing us to be of
service

 

Once you will get the above message then try accessing above link in browser. If still you are unable to access it then try adding port in iptables.

You can use one of the below command to enable port in iptables:

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp –dport 7777:7778 -j ACCEPT

or

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp –dport 7777 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp –dport 7778 -j ACCEPT

Once done restart the iptables.

/etc/init.d/iptables restart

 

 

 

Categories: Installation Tags:

Idera backup agent configuration

June 4th, 2014 No comments

How to configure Idera backup agent

 

Installing Agent Using YUM

First, create a YUM .repo file with the R1Soft repository information.

Open the new file with a text editor such as vi or nano:

# cd /etc/yum.repos.d

vi r1soft.repo

Insert the following text into the file and save the file:

[r1soft]
name=R1Soft Repository Server
baseurl=http://repo.r1soft.com/yum/stable/$basearch/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0

Once done run below command.

yum clean all

Now install cdp agent

yum install r1soft-cdp-enterprise-agent
yum install kernel-devel kernel-headers
yum upgrade kernel

install r1soft kernel binaries

r1soft-setup –no-binary

Restart r1soft agent after binaries are done.

Check connectivity

r1soft-setup –test-connection

Insert key using below command

serverbackup-setup –get-key http://IP

Restart the server. Once server is online check cdp-agent is running or not. If not then start that service.

Sometimes you will face connectivity issue at that check port is opened on server firewall. Default port is 1167

iptables -I INPUT -p tcp –dport 1167 -j ACCEPT

Save iptables and restart it and test it again.

Front end task done. Now backend  task

Login to backend admin panel of r1soft

Click on servers.

Add server It will ask for server name VM hostname, IP address things insert it and click on create button.

Then click on Users.

username: customer-name >> password >> email

then click on server tab add the new server you created for the customer. Give full control. No volumes.

Then click on disks safes.

name same as servers name :  on server drop down arrow search for the servers you added earlier, volume pick volume1. click on Limits. Put recovery points and archive to 3.

Quota on disk size : soft 48 hard quota 50. Click on create.

Policy make the policy to backup weekly, merge weekly, disk verification weekly, exclude files you don’t want to backup to avoid using all disk space.

then when finish give client his R1SOFT credentials.

 

 

 

 

 

Categories: Installation, Uncategorized Tags:

How to install ioping in linux server

September 9th, 2013 No comments

How to install ioping in linux server

This tool lets you monitor I/O latency in real time. It shows disk latency in the same way as ping shows network latency.

Login to SSH.

Go to the folder where you want to download it.

cd /usr/local/src

Download the installation file.

https://ioping.googlecode.com/files/ioping-0.6.tar.gz

Extract that file using below command.

tar -xzvf ioping-0.6.tar.gz

Go inside that folder.

cd ioping-0.6

compile it using below command.

make ioping

 

Examples

Show disk I/O latency using the default values and the current directory, until interrupted

$ ioping .
4096 bytes from . (ext4 /dev/sda3): request=1 time=0.5 ms
4096 bytes from . (ext4 /dev/sda3): request=2 time=0.4 ms
4096 bytes from . (ext4 /dev/sda3): request=3 time=0.5 ms
4096 bytes from . (ext4 /dev/sda3): request=4 time=12.7 ms
4096 bytes from . (ext4 /dev/sda3): request=5 time=0.4 ms
^C
— . (ext4 /dev/sda3) ioping statistics —
5 requests completed in 4794.0 ms, 364 iops, 1.4 mb/s
min/avg/max/mdev = 0.2/2.8/12.7/5.0 ms

Measure disk seek rate (iops)

ioping -R /dev/sda

— /dev/sda (device 465.8 Gb) ioping statistics —
186 requests completed in 3004.6 ms, 62 iops, 0.2 mb/s
min/avg/max/mdev = 6.4/16.0/26.8/4.7 ms

Measure disk sequential speed (mb/s)

ioping -RL /dev/sda

— /dev/sda (device 465.8 Gb) ioping statistics —
837 requests completed in 3004.1 ms, 292 iops, 72.9 mb/s
min/avg/max/mdev = 2.0/3.4/28.9/2.0 ms

For VPS’s also it will work.

4096 bytes from / (simfs /dev/simfs): request=1 time=8.2 ms
4096 bytes from / (simfs /dev/simfs): request=2 time=0.2 ms
4096 bytes from / (simfs /dev/simfs): request=3 time=0.2 ms
4096 bytes from / (simfs /dev/simfs): request=4 time=0.2 ms
4096 bytes from / (simfs /dev/simfs): request=5 time=0.2 ms

 

Categories: Installation, Uncategorized Tags:

rpm command cheat sheet for Linux

April 10th, 2013 No comments

rpm command cheat sheet for Linux

rpm is a powerful Package Manager for Red Hat, Suse and Fedora Linux. It can be used to build, install, query, verify, update, and remove/erase individual software packages. A Package consists of an archive of files, and package information, including name, version, and description:

Syntax Description Example(s)
rpm -ivh {rpm-file} Install the package rpm -ivh mozilla-mail-1.7.5-17.i586.rpm
rpm -ivh –test mozilla-mail-1.7.5-17.i586.rpm
rpm -Uvh {rpm-file} Upgrade package rpm -Uvh mozilla-mail-1.7.6-12.i586.rpm
rpm -Uvh –test mozilla-mail-1.7.6-12.i586.rpm
rpm -ev {package} Erase/remove/ an installed package rpm -ev mozilla-mail
rpm -ev –nodeps {package} Erase/remove/ an installed package without checking for dependencies rpm -ev –nodeps mozilla-mail
rpm -qa Display list all installed packages rpm -qa
rpm -qa | less
rpm -qi {package} Display installed information along with package version and short description rpm -qi mozilla-mail
rpm -qf {/path/to/file} Find out what package a file belongs to i.e. find what package owns the file rpm -qf /etc/passwd
rpm -qf /bin/bash
rpm -qc {pacakge-name} Display list of configuration file(s) for a package rpm -qc httpd
rpm -qcf {/path/to/file} Display list of configuration files for a command rpm -qcf /usr/X11R6/bin/xeyes
rpm -qa –last Display list of all recently installed RPMs rpm -qa –last
rpm -qa –last | less
rpm -qpR {.rpm-file}
rpm -qR {package}
Find out what dependencies a rpm file has rpm -qpR mediawiki-1.4rc1-4.i586.rpm
rpm -qR bash
Categories: Installation Tags:

Command to check mod_pagespeed

December 21st, 2012 No comments

Command to check mod_pagespeed is installed in server.

curl -D http://127.0.0.1

You will get below output.

 

Date: Fri, 07 Sep 2012 21:51:06 GMT
Server: Apache/2.2.3 (CentOS)
X-Mod-Pagespeed: 0.10.22.4-1633

 

Categories: Apache, CPanel / WHM, Installation Tags:

How to: Install mod_pagespeed in cpanel

December 21st, 2012 No comments

How to: Install mod_pagespeed in cpanel

Login to the server via SSH

Go to below folder

cd /usr/local/src

create directory

mkdir mod_pagespeed

Download pagespeed rpm

wget https://dl-ssl.google.com/dl/linux/direct/mod-pagespeed-beta_current_i386.rpm

Extract the rpm

rpm2cpio mod-pagespeed-beta_current_i386.rpm | cpio -idmv

Copy the modules to apache modules folder

cp /usr/local/src/mod-pagespeed/usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_pagespeed.so /usr/local/apache/modules/

cp /usr/local/src/mod-pagespeed/etc/httpd/conf.d/pagespeed.conf /usr/local/apache/conf/

Provide execute permission

chmod 755 /usr/local/apache/modules/mod_pagespeed.so

Create below folders

mkdir /var/mod_pagespeed/{cache,files} -p

Provide correct ownership

chown nobody:nobody /var/mod_pagespeed/*

mod_pagespeed has a dependency that you’ll want to enable: mod_deflate (the httpd source directory (2.2.16) may vary depending on your install):

/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs -c -i /home/cpeasyapache/src/httpd-2.2.16/modules/filters/mod_deflate.c

We have to edit mod_pagespeed configuration file located at /usr/local/apache/conf/pagespeed.conf to reflect the correct paths, the LoadModule directives should fetch the modules in “modules/module_name.so”

LoadModule pagespeed_module modules/mod_pagespeed.so
LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
ModPagespeedFileCachePath "/var/mod_pagespeed/cache/"
ModPagespeedGeneratedFilePrefix "/var/mod_pagespeed/files/"

After that, we’ll need to include the mod_pagespeed configuration in Apache’s configuration file (/usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf):

Include conf/pagespeed.conf

In order to keep the changes permanant run the command below.

/usr/local/cpanel/bin/apache_conf_distiller –update

Now restart apache service.

 

 

Categories: Apache, CPanel / WHM, Installation Tags:

How To: Find Symlink under UNIX / Linux

December 15th, 2012 No comments

How To: Find Symlink under UNIX / Linux

Now, a days sym/root hacking is famous and hacker can create a sym/root folder by using script.
How do I find symlink(s) under UNIX and Linux operating systems?

Use the below command to find symlink directory

find /path/to/dir -lname /path/to/file

OR

If you want to search sym/root folder under users account on server then run the below command in /home

cd /home

find -lname /root

The above command will find sym/root folder under all the users but it will take time. There is another method which is described below.

Install mlocate on server using yum.

yum install mlocate -y

Once it is installed then run below command to update locate database.

updatedb

then run below command to search the server

locate sym/root

Above command will locate all the folder which is having symlink of root.