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CVE-2014-7169 BASH Shell Shock Vulnerability for Linux

September 29th, 2014 Leave a comment Go to comments

What is CVE-2014-7169 / Shell Shock Vulnerability?

GNU Bash through 4.3 bash43-025 processes trailing strings after certain malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables, which allows remote attackers to write to files or possibly have unknown other impact via a crafted environment, as demonstrated by vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server, scripts executed by unspecified DHCP clients, and other situations in which setting the environment occurs across a privilege boundary from Bash execution.
NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-6271.
In short Shell Shock vulnerability allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code given certain conditions, by passing strings of code following environment variable assignments.
The Shell Shock vulnerability is considered bigger than Heartbleed as it’s affecting all versions of bash and it’s still unclear from when and adding to that linux bash is not only running on linux webservers but other embedded devices as well such as Mac Laptops

Test your server bash version using below command

bash –version
or
/bin/bash –version

Output

GNU bash, version 3.2.25(1)-release (x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu)
Copyright (C) 2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

Check if your server is affected

[email protected][#] env x='() { :;}; echo vulnerable’ bash -c “echo this is a test”
bash: warning: x: ignoring function definition attempt
bash: error importing function definition for`x’
this is a test

If you get the above output then you are safe. But,  if you get the below output then you are affected.

[email protected][#] env x='() { :;}; echo vulnerable’ bash -c “echo this is a test”
vulnerable
this is a test

To fix it follow below steps:

For RedHat/CentOS/Fedora/RPM based OS:

Note:: This is a temporary fix released by Red Hat Security Team. The team is still working on a full fix which is expected to release soon.

[email protected][#] yum upgrade bash

For Ubuntu / Debian

apt-get update && sudo apt-get install –only-upgrade bash

 

 

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